Offense s are divided by law into criminal and civil matters. While civil offenses infringe on a person’s right to civil liberty, criminal offenses are those that violate public law. Federal and state laws divide these crimes into two categories of varying severity: misdemeanors and felonies. Felonies are much more serious crimes than misdemeanors, and hence have much harsher sentences.
If you’re convicted of a crime, you may be sentenced to fines, community service, imprisonment, or other penal discipline.