Soft Tissue Injuries – Cervical Strain
Whiplash describes a trauma inducing injury involving the soft tissue and ligaments surrounding the cervical spine (neck and shoulder region) and is caused by the neck being forcibly thrown forward and then back again resembling a whipping motion.
This type of injury most commonly results from sudden acceleration and deceleration, which is so common in rear-end collisions, especially when the rear vehicle collides with the vehicle in front at high speeds. However, one can suffer a serious cervical injury even in slow speed collisions.
Symptoms of whiplash may include muscle spasm, stiff neck and pain and swelling. Sometimes a severe cervical whiplash induced trauma can cause bulging and herniated disks which can cause serious damage to the spinal cord and nerve roots that branch out from the spinal cord. Shoulder pain is often associated with whiplash injuries.