Colorado – Marijuana Laws

State of Colorado – Marijuana Laws

Summary of Colorado Penalties

Possession: Possession of one ounce or less of marijuana is a petty offense. The offender receives a summons to appear in court, and upon a promise to appear in court, the offender is to be released from detention. The maximum penalty for a violation is $100. Failure to appear at the specified time and location results in the increase of the charges to a misdemeanor. Displaying or using the marijuana in public results in the added penalty of up to 15 days in jail. Possession of greater than one ounce is a misdemeanor, punishable by 6-18 months in jail and a fine of $500 – $5,000, plus a $600 surcharge. Possession of greater than 8 ounces of marijuana is a felony, punishable by 1 – 3 years in prison and a fine of $1,000 – $100,000 and a surcharge of $1,125. Generally, subsequent convictions of possession of over one ounce double the possible penalties. Transfer of less than one ounce of marijuana for no consideration is considered possession and is punished as such.

Sale: Any other transfer, sale, manufacture or cultivation is a felony, punishable by 2 – 4 years in prison and a fine of $2,000 – $500,000 and a $1,500 surcharge. Any transport of greater than 100 lbs. is punishable by 8 – 24 years in prison and a fine of $5,000 – $1,000,000. Any transfer to a minor is also a felony punishable by 2 – 4 years in prison and a fine of $2,000 – $500,000. Any sale within 1000 feet of a school or public housing area increases the penalties to 8 – 24 years in prison and a fine of $10,000 to $1,000,000.
Any convictions for drug offenses that involve diversion from the prison system require a mandatory 16 – 48 hours of community service. Any felony convictions involving possession or sale of marijuana also result in the suspension of the offender’s driver’s license for a period of up to one year.

Paraphernalia: Possession or sale of paraphernalia is a petty offense punishable by a fine of up to $100.

Medical Use State: Patients who possess written documentation from their physician recommending the use of marijuana and are registered with the state and issued an identification card may legally possess no more than two ounces of marijuana or no more than six marijuana plants.

2015 Update On Permissive Marijuana States

Alaska

Removed statewide criminal sanctions against the use, possession and cultivation of marijuana by registered patients who can show valid written documentation from their physician saying that they “might benefit from the medical use of marijuana.”

Arizona

Permits qualified patients with a physician’s certified statement that the patient has been diagnosed with a “debilitating condition” and that they would likely receive “benefit from marijuana” to obtain marijuana from a registered nonprofit marijuana dispensary.

California

Eliminated criminal penalties regarding the use, possession and cultivation of marijuana by patients who possess a “written or oral recommendation” from their physician that she “would benefit from medical marijuana.”

Colorado

Removes criminal penalties on the use, possession and cultivation of marijuana by patients who possess written documentation from their physician affirming that he or she suffers from a debilitating condition and advising that they “might benefit from the medical use of marijuana.”

Connecticut

“A qualifying patient shall register with the Department of Consumer Protection… prior to engaging in the palliative use of marijuana. A qualifying patient who has a valid registration certificate… shall not be subject to arrest or prosecution, penalized in any manner, or denied any right or privilege.”

DC – District of Columbia

Allows patients to purchase up to two (2) ounces of dried medical marijuana per month or the equivalent of two ounces of dried medical marijuana when sold in any other form.”

Delaware

The law does not allow patients or caregivers to grow marijuana at home, but it does allow for the state-regulated, non-profit distribution of medical marijuana by compassion centers that have been approved and registered by the state.

Hawaii

Eliminates criminal penalties relative to the use, possession and cultivation of marijuana by patients who possess a valid and executed statement from their physician stating that the patient suffers from a “debilitating condition” and that the “potential benefits of medical use of marijuana would likely outweigh the health risks.”

Illinois

Established a pilot program in the state, which establishes a patient registry program and protects registered patients and registered caregivers from “arrest, prosecution, or denial of any right or privilege,” and allows for the registration of cultivation centers and dispensing organizations.

Maine

Eliminates criminal penalties relative to the use, possession and cultivation of marijuana by patients who possess a physicians “professional opinion” that the patient “might benefit from the medical use of marijuana.”

Maryland

Allows a patient to possess up to 30-day supply of marijuana. Beginning June 1, 2016, the state will issue the number of dispensary seller licenses relative to the demand for medical marijuana by qualifying patients and caregivers.

Massachusetts

Persons may possess “no more marijuana than is necessary for the patient’s personal, medical use, not exceeding the amount necessary for a sixty-day supply…”

Michigan

Qualified persons may possess up to two and one-half (2.5) ounces of usable marijuana and twelve marijuana plants kept in an enclosed, locked facility.

Minnesota

Plans to register two major Minnesota manufacturers/growers for the production of all medical cannabis within the state. Manufacturers/growers are required to ensure that the medical cannabis sold contains a maximum of a “30-day supply” of the dosage determined for that patient by the medical provider.

Montana

Qualified patients and their caregivers may each possess six marijuana plants and one ounce of usable marijuana. “Usable marijuana” means the dried leaves and flowers of marijuana and any mixture or preparation of marijuana.

Nevada

Eliminates criminal penalties on the use, possession and cultivation of marijuana by patients who have “written documentation” from their physician that marijuana “may” alleviate his or her medial condition.

New Hampshire

“A qualifying patient shall not obtain more than 2 ounces of usable cannabis directly or through the qualifying patient’s designated caregiver during a 10-day period.”

New Jersey

Allows “patients who use marijuana to alleviate suffering from debilitating medical conditions, as well as their physicians, primary caregivers, and those who are permitted to produce medical marijuana for medicinal purposes” and protects said patients from “arrest, prosecution, property forfeiture, and criminal and other penalties.”

New Mexico

Removes state-level criminal penalties on the use and possession of marijuana by patients “in a regulated system for alleviating symptoms caused by debilitating medical conditions and their medical treatments.” The New Mexico Department of Health designated to administer the program and register patients, caregivers, and providers.

New York

New York medical marijuana laws are complex. New York recently announced plans to permit limited use of medical marijuana in 20 hospitals, which will be able to prescribe marijuana to people with cancer, glaucoma or other diseases itemized on the states list of debilitating conditions.

Oregon

Removes criminal penalties relative to the use, possession and cultivation of marijuana by patients who possess a executed recommendation from their physician stating that marijuana “may mitigate” the patients debilitating symptoms.

Rhode Island

Permits qualified patients to possess and grow to up to 12 marijuana plants or 2.5 ounces of cultivated marijuana. Primary caregivers may not lawfully possess in excess of 24 marijuana plants and five ounces of usable marijuana.

Vermont

Primary caregivers may not possess an amount of marijuana in excess of 24 marijuana plants and five ounces of usable marijuana for qualified and which is consistent with the Department’s registration process.

Washington

Eliminated criminal penalties on the use, possession and cultivation of marijuana by patients who possess “valid documentation” from their physician stating that the patient suffers from a debilitating condition and that the “potential benefits of the medical use of marijuana would likely outweigh the health risks.”

Marijuana Vocabulary: Pot, weed, ace, gungeon, gunja, kif, hemp, gunney, moocah, skin, sticks, hash, joint, blue sage, bud, bush, cannabis, canamo, tea, catnip, kush, columbian, gasper, grass, gong, herb, hay, indo, jane, kali, kiff, leaf, lid, panama gold, panama red, primo, roach, smoke, straw, reefer, and herb.

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